of the Royal Guards Association, Copenhagen.
M. Queen Sirikit of Thailand is a grandchild of Guardsman 1000 / 3.
KMP / 1886, The Royal Danish Guard, who was an ordinary member of the
Guards Association, Copenhagen. Later he became an honorary member of
Association. (Until 1968 the Danish armed forces used numbers instead
names so Prince Klang was first called: "Recruit 1000" - later:
Klang was born in Bangkok 29. June 1866 as a son of Prince (Phra
Ther Phra Ong Chow) Sai Sanitwongse and Mom Khian Yamasamit. As his
was a king, he was given the title: Mom Rajawongse.
In 1883 his
decided to send two sons, Mom Rajawongse Satarn Klang and Mom
Pheen Leck, to Denmark where they were to receive an officers training
on the voyage was the Dane Andreas Richelieu, who since 1875 had been
officer in the Royal Navy of Siam and who, the year before, had been
to Phra (the equivalent of the British "Sir") and commander in the
Navy of Siam.
later became an admiral in the Royal Navy of Siam. )
they travelled by train across India to Bombay, where a very angry
had to see the two prices expelled from a hotel which did not serve
came to Paris and London, then via Hamburg to Aarhus, Denmark and
they arrived in Copenhagen, two months after their departure from
Klang and Pheen came to stay in Slagelsegade (Rosendalsgade) 18 with an
ordinary Danish family, the family of senior school teacher (and a
lieutenant in the army reserve) Paul Dorph, who took very good care of
the two Siamese brothers.
So did H.
King Christian IX. During the almost ten years they spent in Denmark
were almost every Sunday invited to dine with the King and the
family at the Amalienborg Palace.
1883 Klang and Pheen had private tutors and attended courses in
In an application to the Ministry of War dated April 1, 1886 Paul
are staying with my family... When they came to me they had a very
knowledge of the English language. For that reason they have had a
time until their education in other subjects could begin, but they have
been very eager to learn and their serious diligence has helped them so
that we have a realistic expectation that they will be able to reach
goals set for them. I want to add that they are a pair of very charming
young men, both in manner and in character.”
Satarn Klang then started his military career on May 5, 1886 as
number 1000 in the 3d company of the Royal Guard. After service
a recruit and guardsman he entered the officers school of the Danish
the exam as an officer he received the rank of second lieutenant in the
4th infantry regiment. Later he served with the different branches of
army: infantry, artillery, corps of engineers and the construction
Guardsman 1000 / 3d Company /
Regiment he was remembered for what he once said during a big
with other branches of the army. He had seen a soldier bungle with his
weapon and when the Prince later passed him he said to him: "If that
happened in Siam I would have had you decapitated ".
? - or wasn't he ?
kgl. Livgarde", ("The Royal Guard") Prince Klang is mentioned:
quickly adapted himself to the alien environment. The military
as such was no problem for him and his serving with the other
who came from all walks of life, was a success thanks to his
manner and behaviour, his natural charm, quiet sense of humour and his
sincere wish to be in every way a fellow soldier among fellow soldiers.”
Danish Guard all the guardsmen were and are national servicemen.)
14/12 1892 appointed Commander, 2d class, of the Order of Dannebrog and
received permission to retire from service in the Danish Army on 21/12
the Danish Army Prince Klang went to Paris in January 1893 for further
military schooling. However, later in 1893 he returned to Siam due to a
French / Siamese political crisis.
Klang received a commission as second lieutenant in the army of Siam
King Chulalongkorn and in 1895 he was promoted to the rank of captain.
he was in Europe with Prince Bhanurangsri.
With a new
and name: Mom Chat Dej Udom he became head of the Royal Cadet School in
I 1902 he
a government delegation to Japan.
I 1903 he
head of the General Staff of the armed forces of Thailand.
I 1907 he
promoted to Lieutenant General, and the same year he was again in
heading the delegation to the Second Plan Conference in Haag.
of Agriculture in 1909 and received the title of Phraya.
In 1911 he
another title and a new name: Chao Phraya Wongsa Nupraphat.
of Traffic from 1912 to 1926 and again from 1932 to 1933.
In 1919 he
promoted to the rank of General.
died in Bangkok on October 20, 1940.
life Prince Klang felt a strong bond with Denmark and the Royal Guard.
He never forgot the Danish language which he spoke and wrote as a
Colonel Honnens de Lichtenberg of the Royal Danish Guard in 1922 was
by the Minister of Traffic, General Chao Phraya Wongsa Nupraphat,
a trip to Bangkok, he was greeted in Danish: “Velkommen til Siam, kaere
Oberstloejtnant”. (Welcome to Siam my dear Lieutenant Colonel.)
Minister of Traffic was the former Mom Rajawongse Klang.
Association was not founded until 1885, so Prince Klang has probably
heard much about the Association during his stay in Denmark, but in
the editor of the monthly journal of the Guards Association was a man
had served as a recruit and guardsman with the Prince, the Prince
the Guards Association, and by reading the "Garderbladet" he was able
follow developments in the Royal Guard and activities of his fellow
Klang was made an honorary member of the Royal Guards
Copenhagen, at the same time as two Danish princes, Prince Knud
Prince Klang. 1923. (De Danske
Kronologiske Samling, Rosenborg.)
by, he kept in touch by mail with the national servicemen with whom he
served as a recruit and guardsman. At the 45th reunion in 1931 a letter
from the Prince was read aloud - written in faultless Danish:
from the Danish original.)
31st of March 1931.
My Dear Staff Sergeant V. Henrichsen!
Thank you for your letter dated 31. January, in which you were
enough to tell me that the Guardsmen from our company will celebrate
45th anniversary of our first day of service in the Royal Guard.
Oh yes. Although almost half a century has passed since I was a recruit
in the Guard, I still keep many beautiful memories from my time in the
Guard - and I subscribe to "Garderbladet". It amused me a
to read the article
devil" by Carl von Kohl and others in the last issue of the Magazine.
Finally I will ask you, my dear Staff Sergeant, to forward to my
old friends, who are together tonight celebrating the anniversary, my
heartfelt greetings and best wishes for a nice evening.
With the best wishes I remain your faithful aargangskammerat (translation
not possible - special Danish Royal Guard term).
General Cha Phoya Wongse
General Cha Phoya Wongse.
a distant relative of H. M. King Bhumibol, the present King of
The great-grandfather of Prince Klang was the King of Siam.
more interesting to note that Prince Klang is the grandfather of H.
M. Queen Sirikit, as the daughter of Prince Klang, Mom Luang
Bua Sanitwongse/ (Snidvongs), is the mother of H. M. Queen Sirikit.
was actually born in the Bangkok residence of Prince Klang.
Copenhagen, Denmark, November 2001.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Peter Harbeck, who was the bandmaster of the Band of the Royal Danish
was given scores of 20 marches and other pieces of music, composed many
years ago for the Band.
was Hans Niels Hass, who at his death in 1913 was the bandmaster of the
Band of the Danish Coastal Artillery. The donation was made by his
Royal Danish Guard has the "Alexandra March" by Hans Niels Hass on its
repertoire and "For King and Country" by Erik Hass, the son of Hans N.
marches was a "Marsch Siamese" composed in 1890 and dedicated to: "His
Royal Highness Prince Mom Rajawongse Satarn Klang of Siam."
the score-writing specialist of the Band of the Royal Guard, wrote
modern scores from the original handwritten scores, and in 2008 the
was once again played by the Band of the
Royal Guard. The first time was at a "changing
of the Guard" ceremony at the Fredensborg Palace.
No official recording has been made, but a good recording was made at
the last rehearsal. That recording is now on the Internet, you
listen to it by clicking HERE.
Christian, (H. M. King Christian
10 of of Denmark 1912 - 1947) started
his military career as a recruit in the
Royal Guard in 1889.
This photo shows the Prince as a
very tall recruit. He was 198 cm. tall,
the tallest in the recruit-company.
Crown Prince Frederik served in the
Royal Guard as a recruit, guards-
man and sergeant from November
of Prins Klang, Prince Pheen Leck, who came to Denmark with
Prince Klang, also did well.
Officers School of the Royal Danish Navy as a cadet on September 2,
He left Denmark in the spring of 1893, a few months after Prince Klang.
a rear admiral in Thailand and got a new title and name: Phya
Johnny Boeg, Mosevej 19, 6760 Ribe.
aargang 1916 og 1931.
Den kongelige Livgarde. (1943.)
Et Hundredaarsminde. (1985.)
"Admiralen". Andreas de Richlieu. (1990.)
Admiralen, Kongen & Kaptajnen. (1998.)